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Queen Anne of Denmark, wife of King James I of England (and VI of Scotland)
|Artist/Maker||School of NICHOLAS HILLIARD (1547-1619)|
|Description||Wearing a fine white dress decorated with gold mounted jewels and several blue rosettes studded with further gems, and fine lace ruff, a gold and gem set necklace, and drop earl earrings, red curtain background
on vellum laid down on card, set in the original gold frame with green, white, and pink enamelled raised foliate border
Anne of Denmark (1574-1619), the daughter of Frederick II of Denmark and Norway, was Queen consort of Scotland, England, and Ireland as the wife of King James VI and I.She married James VI of Scotland in 1589. In 1603, when he became James I of England, she was crowned with him at Windsor, Berkshire. She took a great interest in court entertainment's, and personally appeared in court masques created by the playwright Ben Jonson (1572-1637).
This miniature is a version of a standard portrait type of Anne of Denmark, which was repeated in other versions in miniature by either Nicholas Hilliard or Isaac Oliver (born about 1558, died 1617). Oliver was appointed Anne's limner in 1604. It is not known, however, whether it was Hilliard or Oliver who had the sitting with Anne that led to this type. The Queen is portrayed in a low-cut dress, standing collar and high dressed hair set with jewels. In some versions, her right hand extends across her bosom. This portrait is is closer to Hilliard's type than to Oliver's.
Traditionally this miniature has been thought to be the whole work of Nicholas Hilliard. It undoubtedly shows many characteristics of his hand, one such being the "wet in wet" technique. The miniature was last seen on the open market in 2002 when it was catalogued as being by Nicholas Hilliard.
|Provenance||The late Mrs Emma Joseph; Sotheby's, London, 11 March 1948, lot 113 (£240 to H.E. Backer)
Christie's, London, 10 December 2002, lot 47 as by Nicholas Hilliard
|Exhibitions||Comerford Collection at the Irish Architectural Archives in Dublin, in 2009.|
|Literature||The Comerford Collection: Portrait Miniatures (Dublin, privately published, 2009), pp 7, 26 (# 71), 67 (sitter # 23).|
|Medium||gouache on vellum|
|Condition||Scratch to the surface of the vellum running from the border at approximately 8 o'clock through to the sitter's nose.|
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